Abyaneh Village, which has retained its historical cultural features, traditions and architectural style, is a living museum of anthropology.
This is largely because its residents continue to live in the village with their historical styles of dressing and observe their customs and traditions till today.
The village is located 2,500 meters above sea-level and 40 kilometers from the city of Natanz in Isfahan province on a steep foothill, IRIB reported.
It is situated northwest of Karkas Mountain in the Zagros Mountain Range.
Barzroud River, which originates from Karkas Mountain, is the main source of the villagers’ drinking water and also irrigates their orchards and farms.
Abyaneh is home to valuable historical monuments, which manifest Iran’s rich culture.
The people of this village have lived in isolation for centuries, due to the mountainous region and the far distance of this village from other regions and major roads.
Hence, they have preserved their ethnic and traditional customs, including their traditional language and clothes from ancient times.
Some researchers believe the language of the people of this village has Avestan roots.
Their clothes are similar to those of Bakhtiari nomads, which are said to belong to the Sassanid era.
Men in this village wear ordinary clothes and long, black and baggy trousers. Women sport a flowery scarf, flowery clothes and pleated skirts.
In addition to cooperating with men in farming and animal husbandry, the women of this village are also engaged in handicrafts and traditional industries, such are carpets, sneakers, silver ornaments and decorations made of wild rue seeds.
The people of this village hold religious ceremonies to mark the martyrdom anniversary of the third infallible imam of Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) household, namely Imam Hussein (AS), in a glorious manner. Many people from other cities and villages participate in these mourning ceremonies.
The indigenous architecture of Abyaneh has turned it into one of the most beautiful villages in the world. Its historical monuments include a fireplace of Sassanid era, Anahita Temple, castles, mosques, shrines and houses belonging to Safavid era, as well as a monastery and water cistern.
Historical studies on buildings in Abyaneh Village have led to three main groups, namely houses belonging to Seljuk, Safavid and Qajarid eras.
Architectural housing style
The multi-storey buildings of this village, which are made of red clay, are very interesting. The red clay was extracted from a mine located outside this village.
Some say rainfall solidifies this red clay.
Given the location of Abyaneh on a steep foothill, the rooftops of lower houses are the courtyard of upper houses, adding significant beauty to its landscape.
Meanwhile, the architectural style of these houses conforms with the region’s climatic conditions. To prevent wastage of energy in the cold and warm seasons, a number of arrangements have been made.
The use of thick walls made of sun-dried mud-bricks, plastering walls and roofs with mud and straw, and wooden ceilings have all given a particular identity to the houses of this village.
With regard to the façade of houses, the doors and windows are all made of wood.
The presence of balconies with wooden banisters has added beauty to the facade of buildings and optimizes the usage of light and warmth of sunshine.
Abyaneh’s mosques are one of the most important buildings of this village. It has been renovated on several occasions. Its large altar is made of walnut wooden logs, which are carved. This altar has been constructed in 477 AH.
Porzeleh Mosque belonging to Ilkanid era and Hajatgah Mosque belonging to Safavid era are the prominent mosques of Abyaneh.
The ceilings of these mosques are covered with paintings and beautiful geometrical designs, in addition to delicate and interesting wooden logs.
Abyaneh hosts tens of thousands of foreign and Iranian tourists throughout the year.